Decarbonisation of shipping will require collaboration between policymakers and international organisations, as well as between key players in the industry. However, such collaboration in the private sector can raise competition issues, particularly if the customers bear the burden and cost.

The European Union’s Directorate-General for Competition (DG COMP) has put environmental considerations on its agenda. However, it will balance restriction of competition with the possible benefits of decarbonisation.

Recent statements made by Margrethe Vestager, the European commissioner for competition, suggest that DG COMP will take into account environmental considerations in relation to competition policy.