In the club’s 2014 annual report, Lyras writes: “Nearly twelve years after the Prestige disaster, it is particularly disappointing to receive reports of other shipping casualties where efforts to mitigate pollution or other risks have been hampered by a reluctance to provide the ships involved with a place of refuge.”

He referred to incidents involving the boxship MSC Flaminia and the Maritime Maisie tanker in recent years.

And he added: “There is no easy answer. It is understandable that communities in areas of coastline where refuge may be sought will be reluctant to be exposed to the risk of pollution.”

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