A fourfold increase in cyber-attacks on the maritime industry has occurred since February during the time the shipping business has become reliant on remote working and information technology as a result of lockdowns from the coronavirus pandemic.

The trend of cyber attacks is upwards, cyber insurance and risk management firm Astaara, in which West of England protection and indemnity club has made a significant investment this month, said in a white paper.

In one high profile attack last month, on 9 May, computer systems at the Shahid Rajaee port in the Strait of Hormuz were attacked, creating delays in shipments.