Arnold Donald grew up poor, the youngest of five children in the predominantly African-American Ninth Ward of New Orleans in the 1950s segregated South. The area came to international prominence in 2015, when it was devastated by Hurricane Katrina.
In 2016, Donald told CNN: “We had fun in the Ninth Ward, but there were a lot of murders, stabbings and shootings. But when you’re growing up in it, you don’t know it’s all that.”
The distance from New Orleans to Carnival’s Miami headquarters is about 670 miles (1,080km) as the crow flies, but it represents a huge life journey for Donald.