Hydrogen is primarily seen as a fuel for vessels that travel short distances, such as tugs and ferries.

But the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands (Marin) wants to know whether wind can give hydrogen-fuelled ships a push.

While hydrogen is carbon-free, its low energy density means it takes up more storage space than other fuels, making it a tough sell for long-haul vessels, except through “carrier” fuels such as ammonia or methanol that have hydrogen as an ingredient.