The year ahead has potential to deliver an upside for providers of services to shipping. After all, so significant a change as the IMO emissions rules will require strong advice, and shipmanagers and other service providers are aiming to provide it.

But the sulphur cap also presents difficulties. The new rules present uncertainty over enforcement and further regulation, higher costs and the need to find finance, as executives explain in TradeWinds annual survey of industry experts on their outlook of the year ahead.