With Europe becoming the epicentre of the coronavirus pandemic, shipping on the continent faces disruption and obstacles unseen since World War II.

Cruise lines and ferry companies have been the most immediately hit, as governments ban their ships and suspend connections to prevent the virus from spreading.

Cargo flows have not yet been ­disrupted in any significant way, but bulkers, tankers, containerships and offshore vessels will eventually be affected, as global seaborne trade shrinks from what looks like an unavoidable recession.