The International Maritime Organization faces many challenges, its new leader admits.

Panama’s Arsenio Dominguez will be the IMO’s next secretary general after defeating five other candidates in a secret ballot.

The 52-year-old trained naval architect, a well-regarded figure within the organisation, will take over from South Korea’s Kitack Lim at the start of 2024.

The vote represents a victory for one of the world’s biggest flag states – but disappointment for members hoping to elect the organisation’s first female leader.