The frequency of dark operations and ship-to-ship (STS) transfers suspected to involve Iranian crude and LPG shipments have stayed roughly the same throughout this year despite the reimposition of sanctions, according to a data analysis provided by Windward.

And the firm has seen the emergence of new hubs, such as the Maldives, for sanctioned activities.

No change

According to the Israeli outfit, the frequency of suspected violation of sanctions has not changed much even though the US decided not to renew sanctions waivers to eight countries in May.