In shipping, the near term will not be man versus machine, but man and machine.

Some at the technology end of shipping see automation as a way to deal with what many have described as an impending labour shortage, as seafarers reconsider their career choices following the Covid-19 pandemic and the crew-change crisis.

Others, meanwhile, are pushing for better mental and physical health services for crews as seafarer well-being issues have become impossible to ignore.

But both say shipowners and managers cannot pick one over the other.