Everyone says it: the pandemic accelerated the digitalisation of shipping like no other event. But the industry is still struggling to know what it can do with data and find ways to link technologies together.

Technology companies are using artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to merge data pulled off ships into meaningful vessel performance monitoring and predictive guidance.

However, issues remain over ownership of information and the willingness to share computer coding.

A survey by Futurenautics and Vodaphone in 2020 found that 90% of data generated on ships, which averages 57 gigabytes a month, never came ashore.